Chinch bugs are small black and white insects that live in thatch and damage turf by sucking the sap and injecting toxic saliva. Adults are about 1/5 long. Newly hatched, immature nymphs appear bright red with a white band across the back.
Fire Blight is a bacterial disease affecting apples, pears, and some other members of the family Rosaceae. It is a serious concern to apple and pear producers. Under the right conditions, it can destroy an entire orchard in a single growing season.